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Atonement - The work of the redemption of humankind by Jesus is often described at atonement. This is easily understood as 'At One Meant'. The gulf between humanity and God has be overcome in the person and work of Jesus.
Bible - The Greek biblios means “the books” or “Library”. It is the various collections of writings accepted sacred scripture in the Church. The Bible is in the Anglican world accepted as the primary record of the revelation of God.
Christology - Christology the the study of the nature and person of Jesus. This is an important arm of Christian Theology, and an important focus during the period of the early Church, including the Gospels and the Early Church Councils.
Church - The word Church refers to the whole body of believers in every place and time. It also refers to the local assembly of believers in any one place. It is sometimes used to describe the building in which they meet, though we would normally use the word Church to refer to people.
Creed - This word comes of the the Latin ‘credo’ meaning ‘I believe’. There are three statements of belief commonly called Creeds. They are the Apostle’s Creed, The Nicene Creed, and the Athanasian Creed.
Doctrine - A doctrine is a statement about a significant subject in theology with support for the statement being drawn from the scriptures. Most require lengthy definition (particularly after 2000 years of discussion and debate) but can be usefully summarized in a catechism
Eucharist - Greek Word for ‘thanksgiving’. The liturgy of bread and wine instituted by Jesus and also called Holy Communion, Mass, The Liturgy, The Lords Supper.
Faith - One of the great Bible verses is "Faith is the assurance of things hoped for, the conviction of things not seen." Hebrews 11:1. Faith for us represents trust or reliance, not simply to believe something, but to be prepared to trust that belief. Faith does not a need us to abandon intellect and reason that we also see as gifts of God.
Gospel - From the Old English 'God Speil', meaning 'God News' or 'Glad Tidings'. We use the word narrowly to describe the four accounts of the life and ministry, death and resurrection of the Lord, Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. We also use the word generally to describe the message of salvation, that God loves us and wants to be one with us.
Holiness - Primarily a quality of God. The Hebrew word which we translate as ‘holy’ means ‘that which is separate, at a distance from’. It is a quality that causes humans to tremble with awe/fear in the experience of God’s presence (Isaiah 6:1-8).
Incarnation - Incarnation is a Greek word, from the same word we get carnivore from, and it means literally 'to become meat'. God the Son, became flesh when he was born as the child of Mary. An understanding of the crucifixion and resurrection needs finds it's genesis in an understanding of the incarnation.
Justification - Justification is one a core themes of Paul's writing. In short, all have sinned and are falling short of the glory of God. God is both Justice and Love. God declares the sinner righteous as the debt has been paid in the death of Jesus, and through faith is available to all who believe. This is generally termed 'Justification by Faith'
Kingdom of God - The Kingdom of God is an important part of the message of Jesus. The theme is however so profound, and it is unlikely to be explained simply. There is a sense of place, presence and event, process, was not so remote and regal it is much more about the closeness of God.
Lectionary - A Lectionary is a list or book of portions of the Bible set to be read in the liturgy. We use the APBA Lectionary. There are others, including the Roman, the Revised Common, and they have variations, yet they follow a common thread and often the Gospels Readings are similar. A Lectionary ensures all the Bible, not just our favourite bits, are read.
Maundy Thursday - Maundy Thursday is the Day before Good Friday. The name Maundy is thought to come from the latin phrase “Mandatum novum do vobis ut diligatis invicem sicut dilexi vos” – “I give you a new commandment, that you love one another. Just as I have loved you, you also should love one another”
Narthex - A narthex of a church is the entrance or lobby area, at the end of the nave, at the far end from the church's main altar. A narthex is part of the church building, not part of the church proper. It is either an indoor area separated from the nave, or an external structure such as a porch. At many Churches you enter and leave through the narthex.
Oecumenical - Also spelt Ecumenical comes from the Greek oikoumene meaning the whole inhabited earth. It refers to the whole church, and is used to describe the movement for the recognition all believer share a common identity as one body in Christ. It looks for co-operation and unity of purpose between different parts of the church
Omnipotent - God is understood to be Omnipotent. The means that God is all powerful. This understanding of God is within the context of the Love of God, and yet also the freedom that he has given us.
Omnipresent - Anglicans understand God to be Omnipresent. This means that God is present in every place at every time. This is a very important part of our understanding of God, For instance when we go to a hospital or a scripture class we do not take God with us, rather we endeavour to reveal God who is already there.
Omniscient - God is understood by Anglicans to be Omniscient. This means that God knows everything. God has all knowledge.
Prophecy - The biblical sense of prophecy is ‘a proclamation of the word of God’ addressed to the nation/s or people, often in the context of a developing crises. So prophecy in the biblical sense is not crystal ball gazing or Tarot card reading, so much as shining Gods light.
Qumram - In 1947 a couple of shepherds heard an echo as a stone hit a container. They discovered the Dead Sea Scrolls. Some of the texts are Biblical some Apocryphal, and some essentially secular. The Essene Community that lived here was a radical Jewish community with similarities to the New Testament accounts of John the Baptist.
Resurrection - The Resurrection of Jesus is central to the Christian faith. (Latin – resugere = to rise again, to rise from the dead.) We are familiar with this word from the New Testament and the Creeds. Jesus rose again and this is the foundation of Christian faith and, thus, of our hope of resurrection in Christ.
Sacraments - Sacraments are outward and visible signs of inward and spiritual grace. There are two Dominical (Attributed to Jesus) Sacraments – Baptism and Communion. There are five lesser Sacraments – Confirmation, Ordination, Marriage, Confession and Holy Unction.
Synoptic Gospels - Matthew, Mark and Luke, are sometimes called the ‘Synoptic Gospels’ as they have common stories, narrative and language, and they can be laid in parallel to compare the accounts. This has given rise to the theory of ‘Q’ and two source theory fairly widely accepted by scholars. John clearly stands apart for the first three Gospels.
Transfiguration - The Transfiguration is a moment where on a high mountain the glory of God is revealed in Jesus – to Peter and James and John. From this moment Jesus sets his sights on Jerusalem and fulfill his destiny.
Unction - The ministry to the sick may include anointing with holy oil, which is called unction. This derives from ancient custom predating the christian era, and endorsed in the New Testament (James 5:14). Like all sacramental ministry it is through the physical we touch the spiritual.
Vestments - When you come to the Eucharist on sunday the priest will normally be wearing vestments. These are traditional and and symbolic. These are usually an Alb, Stole and Chasuble.
Worship - Worship is the acknowledgement of the, and the importance and worth of God in our lives. It happens in Church and in our lives, and may be corporate or private.
XP - The Symbol of the P with the X is, the first two letters of the word Christ in Greek. A christogram that has been used since very early days in the Church.
YHWH - The Tetragrammaton (four letters) YHWH is the reference to God from the Old Testament. The difficulty is that the four letters are all consonants and no vowels, which make it exceptionally difficult to pronounce, if not indeed impossible to say, and that may indeed be the point.
Zion - Zion is the Hebrew name for the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. It was the site of the 1st & 2nd Temple, the most holy place in the world where God dwelt on earth. Observant Jews recite the Amidah 3 times a day facing Zion in Jerusalem, praying for the rebuilding of the Temple, the restoration of Temple service, the redemption of the world, and the coming of the Messiah.